کتاب آرزوهای بزرگ

اثر چارلز دیکنز از انتشارات دبیر - مترجم: مهدی علوی-معروف ترین رمان ها

در دیکنز، بهترین رمان، فروتن، اپیلاسیون یتیم، به کار کثیف کمان مشغول است، اما جرات می کند رویای تبدیل شدن به یک نجیب زاده شود - و یک روز، تحت شرایط ناگهانی و مبهم، او خود را در انتظار انتظارات عالی می یابد. در این داستان غم انگیز جنایت و گناه، انتقام و پاداش، شخصیت های قانع کننده عبارتند از مگویچ، محارب ترسناک و ترسناک؛ Estella، که زیبایی آن تنها با شکوه و شکوفایی او برجسته است؛ و خانم هاویشام، متولد تیره، یک عروس ناهموار بی نظیر است. نوشته شده در دهه گذشته زندگی او، انتظارات بزرگ نشان می دهد نگرشی تاریک دیکنز به جامعه ویکتوریا، ساختار طبقات ذاتی و ماتریالیسم آن است. با این حال این رمان همچنان یکی از محبوب ترین های دیکنز است.


خرید کتاب آرزوهای بزرگ
جستجوی کتاب آرزوهای بزرگ در گودریدز

معرفی کتاب آرزوهای بزرگ از نگاه کاربران
There is a reason that some books and authors are called “classics” and this book is a prime example of it.

The characters come vividly to life with all their flaws and their better sides, their desires and motives are depicted convincingly together with a whole society of ages past .

There are enough plot twists and surprises to satisfy even the modern reader while the language of the book although sounding peculiar today is itself worth noting.

The morals of the era are quite different from ours but in essence the author builds the story on the fundamentals of human nature, love, hope, hate, friendship and the fine moments and shortcomings of humans. And in this sense the book, as many other books and plays, is both old and modern.

Sometimes the book will appear slow paced to the modern reader but this is only to be expected considering how many years ago it was written.

It’s never late to read it!

مشاهده لینک اصلی
‘It is a principle… that no man who was not a true gentleman at heart ever was, since the world began, a true gentleman in manner.’ - Charles Dickens


Great Expectations once again exceeded expectations when I re-read it for perhaps the third time in many years. I was surprised at how strongly the story/plot engaged me afresh even though I knew it like the back of my hand. I took special delight in Dickens’ very fine, stately, and elegant prose. I relished his vivid description of the dreary marsh country or Miss Havisham’s spider-infested wedding cake. I became well acquainted with each of his vivacious characters. Most of all, Great Expectations is an exploration of the vanity of human wishes and what is left of humanity after great expectations have been well lost.

Philip Pirrip, better known as Pip, is a seven-year-old orphan brought up by a domineering adult sister who is married to Joe Gargery, the blacksmith. Pip and Joe are ‘fellow-sufferers’ under the tyranny of Mrs Gargery who is said to have brought them up ‘by hand.’ Pip is poor but rich and secure in Joe’s love and protection. All this is changed when Pip is invited to play at the house of Miss Havisham, an eccentric but wealthy woman, who hired him to teach her adoptive daughter, the beautiful and scornful Estella, how to wreak revenge on all men by breaking their hearts. For the first time, Pip sees himself as ‘coarse and common’. He admits to his own misery: “It is a most miserable thing to feel ashamed of home... Home had never been a very pleasant place to me, because of my sister’s temper. But Joe had sanctified it, and I had believed in it...Within a single year all this was changed. Now it was all coarse and common, and I would not have had Miss Havisham and Estella see it on any account.”

One of the things that struck me is how similar Pip is to Scott Fitzgerald’s Jay Gatsby. In his confession to Biddy, Pip says, “The beautiful young lady at Miss Havisham’s, and she’s more beautiful than anybody ever was, and I admire her dreadfully, and I want to be a gentleman on her account.” And thus, Pip dreams of one day becoming a gentleman. Like Jay Gatsby who builds all his hopes on Daisy Buchanan’s false, silvery voice, Pip is to spend a good part of his adult life wanting to become a gentleman for Estella’s sake. Estella is a cold, distant star; Daisy is that elusive green light across the bay. Like Gatsby, Pip’s dream comes true. An unknown benefactor releases Pip from Joe’s forge and plants him in London to be educated as a gentleman and to have access to all its attendant privileges. In Pip, as in Gatsby, great expectations rest on an empty dream, which amounted to naught.

Expectations aside, Great Expectations is a wonderful story about the best of kinship, friendship, loyalty, and sacrifice. These themes are exemplified in Joe Gargery’s steadfast love for Pip, Herbert Pocket’s ever-giving friendship, and Abel Magwitch’s gratitude and self-sacrifice. On the flip side, it reveals the untold damage caused by deception, betrayal, and revenge as reflected in the wasted lives of Miss Havisham (the spurned bride) and to a lesser degree, Estella. To a significant degree, Magwitch’s life, too.

Great Expectations has a cast of fascinating characters and their idiosyncrasies come alive in Dicken’s unsparing and often humorous description. My favorite is Wemmick, Mr. Jagger’s clerk and Pip’s friend. Wemmick is said to have a post-office mouth into which he pops his biscuits. Yet, he is a modern man who builds a lovely castle for himself and his aged father, and makes it a point to demarcate his private life from his work life. His one obsession is with ‘portable property’ and he wears many rings that once belonged to executed convicts. The episode of Wemmick’s surprise and low-key wedding is a joy to read. Also memorable are Mr. Jaggers, the formidable lawyer with a pervasive smell of scented soap; Mr. Pumblechook, the pompous corn and seeds merchant who claims to be Pip’s earliest benefactor; and all the ‘toadies and humbugs’, fawning relatives of Miss Havisham.

Great Expectations is a timeless and magnificent classic. What larks! Thank you, Mr. Dickens.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Probably my second favorite Dickens so far.

What is remarkable about reading this novel is that while it begins with a lot of archetypical characteristics of a Dickensian novel, mostly all of the characters defied what I expected of them. Not only are they entertaining and expertly written, but also incredibly realistic. Miss Havisham, Pip, Estella, and more start off in their tiny little boxes of stereotypes but grow into layered characters with more complexity then I would’ve imagined.

I also have to admire the fact that this is one of the rare Dickens I’ve read in which Estella especially defies the ‘angelic’ trope. The ending also, in my opinion at least, is neither ‘happy’ nor ‘sad’ but again very realistic and satisfactory. Pip and Estella make mistakes along the way but eventually grow into themselves, as is the case with the entire novel itself.

Overall, I loved this book.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
The success is not mine, the failure is not mine, but the two together make me.

Many people consider „Great Expectations“ to be Charles Dickens‘ masterpiece, his greatest work with the most impressive cast of characters. And while I cannot comment on its quality in comparison to other well-known Dickens novels like „A Tale of Two Cities“ or „David Copperfield“, it certainly managed to live up to my expectations and even more: to make me feel part of Pip Pirrip’s life, of his relations to Miss Havisham and Estella and Joe and Herbert and all the other memorable cast members of this novel.

Great Expectations accompanies the protagonist, a young boy called Pip, during his journey through life, his struggling and his attempts to overcome the obstacles life has thrown into his path. Being raised as an orphan by his elder sister and her kind-hearted and generous husband Joe, Pip faces the scales of fate, unease and love when being introduced to the eccentric Miss Havisham, a wealthy woman and one of the most memorable characters of the entire novel. Pip falls in love with Miss Havisham’s adopted daughter Estella, and several years later, a mysterious benefactor finances Pip’s climbing into the higher parts of English society. Confronted with dangerous secrets, friendships and enmities alike and a love foredoomed to failure, Pip is forced to find his place in life, to grow up and stand on his own feet – a task which proves to be more difficult than he would ever have imagined.

According to my experience, the conventional notion of a lover cannot be always true. The unqualified truth is, that when I loved Estella with the love of a man, I loved her simply because I found her irresistible. Once for all; I knew to my sorror, often and often, if not always, that I loved her against reason, against promise, against peace, against hope, against happiness, against all discouragement that could be. Once for all; I loved her none the less because I knew it, and it had no more influence in restraining me than if I had devoutly believed her to be human perfection.

Apart from the perfect way Dickens weaves the words he chooses in, he also manages to characterize his protagonists in such an easily remembered style that you can’t help but feel sorry for what Pip, Estella or even Miss Havisham have to endure. Pip, the first-person-narrator and thus the character we have to spend the entirety of the novel with, is known to the reader from the very first days of his (conscious) existence, and Dickens allows us to accompany him on his troublesome way through life during his childhood and his early adolescence. While not always the most likeable person, Pip remains a realistic character with faults and mistakes of his own, the essential aspect which ultimately defines human beings.

“Oh! I have a heart to be stabbed in or shot in, I have no doubt, […], and of course if it ceased to beat I should cease to be. But you know what I mean. I have no softness there, no – sympathy – sentiment – nonsense.“

The character of Estella is another person we encounter during her childhood and whom we accompany while growing up. While Pip misses significant parts of her life, the reader is also able to judge Estella’s development through Pip’s eyes, which – of course – can’t be a reliable perspective, but even more emphasizes the love Pip feels for Estella. The true scales of Estella’s coldheartedness and her hostile behaviour will become clearer during the course of the novel, and it is not surprising that she is a character you find yourself wanting to know a lot more of. In modern days, Estella might be a (stereo-)typical prude, someone people are fascinated with, but never quite manage to get through to the core of her soul. Raised by Miss Havisham, Estella is far from the happiness other girls her age might be allowed to experience, yet those lessons of life she has to learn very early draw her character and her behaviour more significantly than anything else.

“Love her, love her, love her! If she favors you, love her. If she wounds you, love her. If she tears your heart to pieces – and as it gets older and stronger it will tear deeper – love her, love her, love her! […] I adopted her, to be loved. I bed her and educated her, to be loved. I developed her into what she is, that she might be loved. Love her! […] I’ll tell you […] what real love is. It is blind devotion, unquestioning self-humiliation, utter submission, trust and belief against yourself and against the whole world, giving up your whole heart and soul to the smiter – as I did.“

Oh, Miss Havisham. Throughout the entire course of the novel, she was the character I looked forward to meeting again the most, who I missed the most when not present in Pip’s narrations, who I want to know more of even now, after finishing the novel. Such a well-drawn character with a tortured soul and wishes and desires of her own based on her fateful experiences. In contrast to the time this novel was written in by Charles Dickens, today’s literature is partly marked by many authors developing trilogies out of their stories in order to write more stuff about their characters (which is a general direction I definitely don’t approve of due to various reasons), but if there ever was a story which I wanted to follow more closely, more elaborately, more intensively, it would certainly be Great Expectations. The mysterious appearances of Miss Havisham and Estella were very appealing to me; not knowing their true destinations, their true motivations before their reveal to the main character Pip was even more appealing; but reading something about their thoughts from their own points of view would have been most appealing. I wouldn’t want Charles Dickens to have written his novel from any other perspective – this merely emphasizes how memorably and full of potential he has managed to draw his characters.

There was a melancholy wind, and the marshes were very dismal. A stranger would have found them insupportable, and even to me they were so oppressive that I hesitated, half inclined to go back.

His ability of developing a setting, a Gothic atmosphere, which will allow you to feel part of the story, is one of the aspects which ultimately succeeded in allowing Dickens to become as popular as he later did. Psychologically the latter part of Great Expectations is about the best thing Dickens ever did. –I could not have expressed it in any better way than George Orwell did in this sentence. The novel did have some flaws, after all. I needed to read chapter summaries on the Internet to figure out how Pip was related to people like Mr. Jaggers, Wemmick or Bentley Drummle, party because I wasn’t particularly interested in those characters, partly because I only read one chapter at a time and thus was likely to forget aspects and not remember exact details when reading about them again. However, Great Expectations influenced me like few other novels managed to do before. Whether it was Pip’s friendship with Herbert, his love for Estella or the complicated relation to Joe – Dickens made me fear with Pip, feel for Pip, and hope for Pip to find happiness.


مشاهده لینک اصلی
A long tale about getting friend-zoned.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
کتاب های مرتبط با - کتاب آرزوهای بزرگ


 کتاب زندگی جعلی من
 کتاب بی حسی موضعی
 کتاب سفر فلیشا
 کتاب نامه به کودکی که هرگز زاده نشد
 کتاب زندگی، جنگ و دیگر هیچ
 کتاب ابله