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اثر نیل شوسترمن از انتشارات آذرباد - مترجم: سیاوش صمیمی فرد-معروف ترین رمان ها

دومین جنگ داخلی بر سر حق و حقوق زاد و ولد شکل گرفت. نتیجه‌ی جنگ این شد: زندگی از لحظه‌ی شکل‌گیری جنین تا سن سیزده سالگی حق هر انسانی است. اما از سیزده سالگی تا هیجده سالگی این حق به والدین‌شان واگذار می‌شود و آن‌ها این اجازه را دارند که فرزندشان را گسسته کنند، بدین صورت که تمام اعضای بدنش به کسانی که نیازمندند پیوند زده می‌شود، به طوری که زندگی‌اش در اصل به پایان نرسد. برای پدر و مادر کانر، کنترل کردن فرزندشان بسیار مشکل است. ریسا دختری است که استعدادش آنچنان بالا نیست که پرورشگاه تمایل داشته باشد از او نگهداری کند و لِو هم بچه‌ی دهم از خانواده‌ای مذهبی است که اعتقاد دارند دهمین فرزند هر خانواده باید به عنوان خیریه به افراد نیازمند در راه خدا واگذار شود
کانر، ریسا و لِو در کنار یکدیگر شاید بتوانند راهی برای زنده ماندن پیدا کنند


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This is one of those books that once I finished it, I started it over and read the whole thing over again. And even after that, there were parts of it that I kept re-reading and thinking about. Before I go into my long review, I wanted to just mention that this book had one of the most nightmarish and horific scenes that I have ever read in my life. It contained almost no details at all, and none of the sparse details were graphic or gory. And that made it even scarier. My imagination provided more than any author ever could. Its been a few days and I cant get that scene out of my mind.

There are so many ethical and moral arguments brought up here and almost no clear cut answers. Here are just a few of the dilemas that come up or discussed about:

1.The obvious ones: abortion, stem cell research, tissue and organ harvesting.

2. In the case of minors, where does the line between @[email protected] and @[email protected] cross over? The parents in this book treat children as property from the day they are born. They are things to donate to churches, sell for money, @put to [email protected] when they are being a nuisance. When the parents sign the unwind orders, the State becomes the guardian of the minors. When the minors run away, they are considered to be stealing government property.

3. The power of euphamism. There are many terms and phrases in the book that seem very neutral, nonthreatening and almost positive. All the while, these terms mask draconian, horrific and barbaric rituals. I think a big message of this book is that euphamisms can be used as propaganda. People condone actions that they wouldnt normally condone because the euphamisms soften the messy harsh realities.

I find it interesting that some people were offended by the book and claimed it was too pro-life! I thought the book was very pro-choice. The author set up a world with abortion being illegal and the world being over-run with unwanted babies, who were discarded on random porches or put into massive institutions where teenagers were gotten rid of to make room for the mass influx of new babies. The message sometimes seemed to me that if you made abortion illegal, then the population would explode and children would be neglected and devalued to the point that people would sell their teenage children to organ harvesters because they needed the money or the kids were too inconvenient or annoying. There is no mention of illegal abortions or mandatory sterilization of undesireables.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Final rating: 6/5 stars

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Unwind by ~grayside

This book deserves more than just 6 stars. It deserves 10! This is my ultimate fav young adult and it was one of the most amazing and emotional reads. Its a roller coaster of emotions and dont read it if you dont wish for your heart to shatter, or if you dont wish for your heart to be cut out. Because thats how i felt while reading this.

But - in every darkness, there is light, and even if this book might seem quite grim, it was balanced. Because its Neal Shusterman and his talent to write is amazing. Its fast page turner as well, and its fabulous. If you have a faint heart, you have been warned!

Special mention: this review is dedicated to my dear Yael, who wished to know what I thought about it :D

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STORY :
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The story is pretty much really dark, morbid, sinister & twisted. Its told from Connor, Lisa and Lev point of view in third person and there were povs which were told by different people as well.

In the future, there is no need for medicines. There is no need for anything. You loose an arm, you will get one back. You loose your eyes/ears/whatever and you will get it back. Every sickness is cured by transplanting organs, body parts and everything else. People stay healthy and happy...but thats not all. For everything, there is a price.

“You see, a conflict always begins with an issue - a difference of opinion, an argument. But by the time it turns into a war, the issue doesnt matter anymore, because now its about one thing and one thing only: how much each side hates the other.”


It all began when the second civil war was fought over abortion. It ended, but the compromise that was reached was called Unwinding. It stopped the practice of abortion by having one law - Every single parent on earth has a right to @[email protected] their children from ages of 13-17 by having them Unwound. To be unwounded means to be separated into parts - every single part of the body - and having it donated to other people. The evolved genes and cells of the humans in this era allows for the body parts to remember the instincts or even memories of the original owner. And - every single body part is alive. So its not a murder - basically, the one who is unwound is still 99,94% alive. You don’t die – you just stop living.

“In a perfect world everything would be either black or white, right or wrong, and everyone would know the difference. But this isnt a perfect world. The problem is people who think it is.”

And then there is something called storking. Since abortion is no longer possible, unwanted babies can be put on someone’s doorstep and they must keep the baby as their own child. Storking a storked baby is a crime, but people do it anyway.

“The way I see it, its got nothing to do with all of that. It has to do with love...A person dont got a soul until that person is loved. If a mother loves her baby--wants her baby--its got a soul from the moment she knows its there. The moment youre loved, thats when you got your soul.


This story follows three teenagers: Connor, Risa and Lev. They are all to be unwound, one of them went out of control, one has no other choice, and one was getting ready for it whole life. But when fates intervene and all of them meet up, which choices will they make?

There was a scene of unwinding, and I must say…it was really and utterly disturbing…. And sick… and it makes me think – how can they think that is right and how can they just ignore it? This world is so cruel, and it gives me shivers to even think about all those parents who gave their children up. If this didnt depress you so much let me add that this book had (view spoiler)[ HEA (hide spoiler)] ending.
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CHARACTERS :
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Connor :

Fifteen-year-old Connors parents can no longer control him. He is a typical, bad boy type, problematic, but in the end – his parents decided to get him unwound. When he accidentally found the signed contract for unwinding – he became as good as possible to try to make them see what they had done. But when the time comes, he is forced to escape. And, by doing so, caused an accident that killed a bus driver, left dozens of others injured. And then, he took a hostage AND shot a Juvey-cop with his own tranq gun. Fascinating.

“Most people have two emergency modes. Fight and Flight. But Conner always knew he had three. Fight, Flight, and Screw Up Royally.”


He is not a bad person at all...he is really really good soul and he is brave and reckless and you just cant help but feel for him the whole book. There was one part of the book with him which made me cry my eyes out.

Risa :


“Connor tries to hold her arm to give her support, but she shakes him off and throws him a nasty gaze. @If I want your help, Ill ask. Do I look feeble to [email protected]
@Actually, [email protected]
@Looks are [email protected] she says. @ After all, when I saw you, I thought you looked reasonably [email protected]
@Very funny.”


Risa, a ward of the state, is a victim of shrinking budgets since she is not a talented enough musician to be kept alive. She plays piano - she is quite good actually, but it was not enough and she is forced to escape as well.

Lev :


@I never knew there was a choice.”


Lev, a tithe, was raised by religious parents for the sole purpose of being unwound. It became his religion - his faith - that God had chosen him to help other people. Tithes can choose when they wish to be unwound - and they all do it mindlessly. Lev is one of those and when Connor and Lisa kidnap him, he makes their lives living hell - until he understands what its like to be normal.

Other characters :

There are many, many characters in this book: sarcastic, bullies, idiots, geniouses, brave ones, horrifying ones and so on... I wish to talk about all of them but it would take whole review so im skipping it :D
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OVERALL :
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It’s one of the thought provoking books, and it makes you think a lot about abortion, of organ donation of politics and religion and of health. Is it really worth it all??? Are the lives of thousands of children worth of being unwound because they couldn’t be cared for or if there wasn’t enough money to keep them alive? The ending was amazing and fantastic – and the sequel is even better (having read it before). And another thing: its going to be movie :D (its going to be such horror :D)


This review can be found on my blog: infinity-of-time.blogspot.com also known as...
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مشاهده لینک اصلی
Thanks to a medical procedure known as @neurografting,@ colloquially called unwinding, every harvested organ and body part of a teenager can be used on another persons body. Stealing kiddies fingers and brains is a whole industry. Few believe its wrong. Some dont even believe its death. Unwind is the story of three teenagers who have been signed up for unwinding by parents or guardians. Theyre unwanted, someone cant afford them, or theyre a religious @[email protected]/sacrifice to God. Through the will to survive—or sometimes thanks to blind luck—these three soon-to-be-unwound teens find themselves on the run.

The @Abortion Debate,@ if It Made Even Less Sense
When I first came across the summary for Unwind, I thought it sounded like it would be awful, but I couldnt ignore that it had maintained a star rating of four (out of five) with 7,500 ratings on Goodreads (nearly five years later, thats exploded to more than 124,000 ratings). That left me wondering if the hive mind knew something I didnt about this young adult book. So, I set out to give it a try.

In the first few pages, readers come across this:

THE BILL OF LIFE

The Second Civil War, also known as @The Heartland War,@ was a long and bloody conflict fought over a single issue.

To end the war, a set of constitutional amendments known as @The Bill of [email protected] was passed.

It satisfied both the Pro-life and the Pro-choice armies.

The Bill of Life states that human life may not be touched from the moment of conception until a child reaches the age of thirteen.

However, between the ages of thirteen and eighteen, a parent may choose to retroactively @[email protected] a child on the condition that the childs life doesnt @[email protected] end.

The process by which a child is both terminated and yet kept alive is called @[email protected]

Unwinding is now a common and accepted practice in society.


One hopes theres almost no need to point out how illogical this premise is, but Ill do so anyway.

• No one who is anti-abortion will ever think that, instead, killing teenagers is a form of legitimate compromise. If someone considers the former murder, then he or she will most certainly consider the latter murder, too. This isnt a @grey area,@ like the death penalty, euthanasia, or (some would say) abortion.

• No one who believes abortion should be available to women would think killing a teenager for his or her organs wouldnt be murder. There is a reason the terms pro-choice. I dont know of any pro-choice individuals who would think a teenager isnt a thinking, feeling, fully-alive human being capable of making choices for herself. This isnt a fetus were talking about. And this is exactly why abortion rights activists fight for teenagers to have access to safe, legal reproductive care without hovering, cloistering, occasionally deeply conservative parental consent.

It would take years, perhaps even decades or centuries, of careful, subtle brainwashing to get everyone on board with this concept.

And so theres the truth of it: Beyond its political agenda, Unwind also happens to be poorly written. The characters are stereotypical, the narrative is choppy, and the plot doesnt make sense within the context of Shustermans own creation.

Clashing with Todays Science
All lovers of speculative fiction know that the unbelievable can be made believable by a good writer. (Belief in this is one of the reasons I kept trying and wanting to like Unwind.) It just takes the proper balance of realism and @[email protected] Shusterman technically knows this. After all, a major inspiration for this story was a horrible, creepy 2006 report of a Ukrainian stem cell scandal. And he repeatedly tries to tie in other real-world examples that may be loosely—usually very loosely—related to his idea.

Unfortunately, Shustermans efforts to ground Unwind fall flat for reasons far beyond highly questionable foundations and plot holes. They fall flat because they go against the medical science that exists today in American society—yes, even with its broken healthcare system and shady insurers. If Unwinds premise isnt realistic for the next five years, youll have trouble convincing me that this storys premise can be a reality any time soon. (Although, interestingly, Shusterman never specifically dates his story. For example, a war has passed, and there are @[email protected] plasma TVs and MP3 players, but the mobile phones arent smartphones.)

Unwind was published in 2007, when stem cell research was already widely portrayed in news articles as a revolutionary solution to numerous ailments.

In 2006, The Independent reported on seven successful bladder transplants, where the bladders were grown from the patients own stem cells.

• Since 2008, weve done amazing things with stem cell technology. We can grow windpipes and urethras using ones own stem cells. We can even @[email protected] new @skin@ onto burn victims.

Those are the stories we should tell teens: the stories that show, time and again, that human minds save the day when they methodically and logically work to solve problems.

In reading Unwind, I get the impression Shusterman didnt research current advancements much, if at all. His projections for the future would be significantly different and more logical if he had. I think, instead, he looked for—and poorly based Unwind on—the horror stories, of which there most certainly are some if you go in search of them. (There always are and will be.) At the risk of making him guilty for his associations, I cant say Im surprised a former Goosebumps and Animorphs writer would do such a thing.

Is it any wonder the book takes a pseudoscientific, spiritualistic, paranormal approach to all this?

Liberal/Moderate Parents and Teachers, Beware
I am usually of the @different strokes for different [email protected] opinion when it comes to books I dont like, even if I think some are objectively bad. I feel that way about Unwind when it comes to adults reading it—many of whom, I should note, disagree with me about this book having an anti-abortion message. (Im going to continue to say theyre wrong about that, though. Not many mainstream YA series get sold at far-right/fundamentalist Christian bookstores, but this series does—see here and here—just a few clicks away from the purity rings.)

Shustermans novel, when considered for young readers, seems insidious to me. It feels a little too much like conservative propaganda. Add to this that many reviews on Goodreads, by teens and adults alike, proclaim Unwinds premise is something that @could really [email protected] in the near future, and Shusterman is a tiny part of a much larger scientific illiteracy in our culture that embraces straw men in arguments.

Gift this one to teens with caution. The rest of the series will almost certainly be more, not less, political.

@Fantastikate

مشاهده لینک اصلی
THAT SCENE made me clutch my blankie. *sobs*

مشاهده لینک اصلی
This was super fast paced with likable characters! This dystopian world is one of the creepiest I have read!

I received a copy of this book from a Quarterly Literary Box https://quarterly.co/products/literar...

Full review on my blog https://literarydust.wordpress.com/20...

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